Policy Solution

Green building and energy efficiency standards



Summary: Green building practices and energy efficiency standards improve building performance that reduce solar gains, energy consumption, and urban heat islands.

Implementation: Establish voluntary green building or energy efficiency performance standards, which establish a baseline that can be leveraged through more stringent mandates or public pressure at a later time.

Considerations for Use: Resources associated with ratings and certifications can provide upgrade recommendations that are applicable to all buildings not only participating buildings.

  • Policy Levers:

    CommitmentGovernments set ambitious goals or targets to guide prioritization and investment.
  • Trigger Points:

    Preparatory measures (actions to establish authority to act)Actions to establish/ ensure the authority to act when appropriate trigger-points occur.
  • Intervention Type:
    Buildings and Built Form
  • Sectors:


  • Target Beneficiaries:
    Property owners, Residents
  • Phase of Impact:
    Risk reduction and mitigation
  • Metrics:
    Number and scores or levels of certification for buildings that receive ratings


  • Intervention Scale:
    City, Nation, Region, State/Province
  • Authority and Governance:
    City government, National government, State/provincial government
  • Implementation Timeline:
    Medium-term (3-9 Years)
  • Implementation Stakeholders:
    City government, Private developers
  • Funding Sources:
    private investment, Public investment
  • Capacity to Act:


  • Cost-Benefit:
  • Public Good:
  • GHG Reduction:
  • Co-benefits (Climate/Environmental):
    Reduce greenhouse gas emissions
  • Co-benefits (Social):
    Increase property values, Save on utilities