Photo: MultCo Communications via Flickr
Policy Solution

Heat emergency response plan



Summary: Creating a heat emergency response plan can help governments anticipate heat waves and minimize loss of life. A heat emergency response plan will identify vulnerable populations, set standards to forecast and categorize heat waves, and identify roles and responsibilities for different stakeholders during high-heat events.

Implementation: Coordinate with local, regional, state/provincial, and/or national entities to prepare a heat emergency response plan.

Considerations for Use: Emergency response plans should be regularly tested and updated. Preventative and emergency communication plans and materials should be included.

  • Policy Levers:

    CommitmentGovernments set ambitious goals or targets to guide prioritization and investment.
  • Trigger Points:

    City planning processesIncludes city initiatives such as the development of climate action plan, pathway to zero-energy, master plan, transit plan, energy mapping etc.
    Preparatory measures (actions to establish authority to act)Actions to establish/ ensure the authority to act when appropriate trigger-points occur.
  • Intervention Type:
  • Sectors:
    Disaster Risk Management  , Informal Settlements, Public Health


  • Target Beneficiaries:
    Heat-vulnerable communities, Residents
  • Phase of Impact:
    Emergency response and management
  • Metrics:
    Reduction in heat-related deaths


  • Intervention Scale:
    City, Region, State/Province
  • Authority and Governance:
    City government, National government, State/provincial government
  • Implementation Timeline:
    Short-term (1-2 Years)
  • Implementation Stakeholders:
    CBOs, City government, Industry, National government, Property owners and managers, Public, State/provincial government
  • Funding Sources:
    Public investment
  • Capacity to Act:
    High, Medium


  • Cost-Benefit:
  • Public Good:
  • GHG Reduction:
  • Co-benefits (Climate/Environmental):
  • Co-benefits (Social):
    Build community capacity, Build social cohesion, Improve human health