Policy Solution

Microgrids

Commitment

Overview:

Summary: During extreme heat waves, electric grids are often pushed to their limits because of increased demand for mechanical cooling causing power outages. Microgrids are decentralized electricity grids that can supply energy to the main grid or directly to communities. Microgrids help reduce strain on the main grid while providing a reliable and renwable source of energy.

Implementation: Develop policies and set goals to support research and development, interconnections, and installation of microgrids.

Considerations for Use: Microgrids need to be maintained regularly to protect equipment. Consider partnering with CBOs to explore different ownership and operational models.

  • Policy Levers: The mechanism municipalities can use to actualize the intervention. These policy levers will likely be used in combination with each other.

    CommitmentGovernments set ambitious goals or targets to guide prioritization and investment.
  • Trigger Points: Opportunities for municipalities to implement risk reduction and preparedness interventions based on the policy lever, building on the United Nations Environment Programme triggers used in the Beating the Heat handbook (2021).

    Evaluating or initiating major city infrastructure projectsIncludes projects such as city transit, street or utilities construction / re-construction etc.
    Preparatory measures (actions to establish authority to act)Actions to establish/ ensure the authority to act when appropriate trigger-points occur.
  • Intervention Type:
    Planning/Policy
  • Sectors:
    Informal Settlements, Public Works,

    Impact:

  • Phase of Impact:
    Risk reduction and mitigation
  • Metrics:
    Amount of energy provided by microgrid; Number of buildings served by microgrid

Implementation:

  • Implementation Timeline:
    Medium-term (3-9 Years)
  • Capacity to Act:
    High

    Benefits:

  • Cost-Benefit:
    High: high-cost relative to the heat risk reduction impact
  • Public Good:
    High: high potential benefits
  • GHG Reduction:
    High: high potential benefits