Photo: Eric Allix Rogers via Flickr
Policy Solution

Permeable pavement

Incentive

Overview:

Summary: Permeable pavement cools surfaces as stormwater evaporates and decreases the surrounding air temperature. Pavements can be built with vegetation to be attractive to users. Example materials include: porous asphalt, pervious concrete, and permeable paver blocks.

Implementation: Offer financial (e.g. rebates for stormwater management fees) or zoning and filing incentives (e.g. consolidated review) for developments using permeable pavement options.

Considerations for Use: Permeable pavement works best in areas of the public realm with lower traffic and low-to-no polluted water runoff. Cold climates must select permeable pavement carefully to avoid cracking porous pavements. Areas with clay or fine soils may not provide adequate drainage and may require more frequent maintenance than traditional materials. Plants can be grown alongside or in between permeable surfaces; but selected plants must be salt and water resilient.

  • Policy Levers: The mechanism municipalities can use to actualize the intervention. These policy levers will likely be used in combination with each other.

    IncentiveFinancial and non-financial incentives to encourage stakeholders to implement heat risk reduction and preparedness solutions, including rebates, tax credits, expedited permitting, development/zoning bonuses, and more.
  • Trigger Points: Opportunities for municipalities to implement risk reduction and preparedness interventions based on the policy lever, building on the United Nations Environment Programme triggers used in the Beating the Heat handbook (2021).

    Introducing new or updated zoning/codesIncludes codes, zoning requirements or by-laws pertaining to urban planning and building construction activity.
    No-regrets actions (low cost/low effort but substantial benefit)Interventions that are relatively low-cost and low effort (in terms of requisite dependencies) but have substantial environmental and/or social benefits.
  • Intervention Type:
    Green/natural Infrastructure
  • Sectors:
    Parks, Transportation,

    Impact:

  • Target Beneficiaries:
    Residents; Property owners
  • Phase of Impact:
    Risk reduction and mitigation
  • Metrics:
    Total area of permeable paving

Implementation:

  • Intervention Scale:
    Site
  • Authority and Governance:
    City government
  • Implementation Timeline:
    Short-term (1-2 Years)
  • Implementation Stakeholders:
    Array
  • Funding Sources:
    Public investment
  • Capacity to Act:
    Medium; High

    Benefits:

  • Cost-Benefit:
    Low
  • Public Good:
    Medium
  • GHG Reduction:
    N/A
  • Co-benefits (Climate/Environmental):
    Improve stormwater management
  • Co-benefits (Social):
    Improve the public realm