Policy Solution

Residential air conditioning

Funding and Financing


Summary: Air conditioning within households helps residents stay cool, which is especially critical for reducing the risks of extreme heat among vulnerable populations.

Implementation: Provide grants or rebates toward installation or utility costs for air conditioning units in homes.

Considerations for Use: As more households use air conditioning during heat waves, regions will face increased greenhouse gas emissions and risk of power outages. Funds can also be made available for repair and maintenance to ensure households are using air conditioners free of mold and mildew.

  • Policy Levers:

    Funding and FinancingThe allocation of public or philanthropic funding or private financing to implement projects, including risk transfer mechanisms.
  • Trigger Points:

    City planning processesIncludes city initiatives such as the development of climate action plan, pathway to zero-energy, master plan, transit plan, energy mapping etc.
  • Intervention Type:
    Buildings and Built Form
  • Sectors:
    Buildings, Informal Settlements, Public Works


  • Target Beneficiaries:
    Heat-vulnerable communities, Renters, Residents
  • Phase of Impact:
    Emergency response and management
  • Metrics:
    Change in share of population with AC


  • Intervention Scale:
    City, Neighborhood
  • Authority and Governance:
    City government, State/provincial government
  • Implementation Timeline:
    Short-term (1-2 Years)
  • Implementation Stakeholders:
    CBOs, City government, Property owners and managers
  • Funding Sources:
    Grants and philanthropy, private investment, Public investment
  • Capacity to Act:
    High, Medium


  • Cost-Benefit:
  • Public Good:
  • GHG Reduction:
  • Co-benefits (Climate/Environmental):
  • Co-benefits (Social):