Photo: Russ Allison Loar via Flickr
Policy Solution

Temperature reduction goals



Summary: Setting a long-term temperature reduction goal can help governments prioritize heat mitigation interventions. Governments can set temperature and urban heat island reduction targets similar to greenhouse gas emissions goals to drive heat mitigation solutions.

Implementation: Set goals to reduce temperatures within a timeframe.

Considerations for Use: Incorporate into existing City goals related to climate. Progress towards the goal should be regularly tracked and shared with the public.

  • Policy Levers: The mechanism municipalities can use to actualize the intervention. These policy levers will likely be used in combination with each other.

    CommitmentGovernments set ambitious goals or targets to guide prioritization and investment.
  • Trigger Points: Opportunities for municipalities to implement risk reduction and preparedness interventions based on the policy lever, building on the United Nations Environment Programme triggers used in the Beating the Heat handbook (2021).

    Preparatory measures (actions to establish authority to act)Actions to establish/ ensure the authority to act when appropriate trigger-points occur.
  • Intervention Type:
  • Sectors:
    City Administration, Informal Settlements


  • Target Beneficiaries:
  • Phase of Impact:
    Risk reduction and mitigation
  • Metrics:
    Progress towards UHI and temperature reduction goals


  • Intervention Scale:
    District, Neighborhood, Site
  • Authority and Governance:
    City government
  • Implementation Timeline:
    Short-term (1-2 Years)
  • Implementation Stakeholders:
    City government
  • Funding Sources:
    Public investment
  • Capacity to Act:
    High, Low, Medium


  • Cost-Benefit:
  • Public Good:
  • GHG Reduction:
  • Co-benefits (Climate/Environmental):
    Reduce greenhouse gas emissions
  • Co-benefits (Social):